Remarkable developments and improvements are likely to improve the health sector in 2022. The majority of the developments are still in the works!. This article will look at the significant health advancements and revolutions that are likely to occur soon. The objective is to enhance the performance and efficiency of healthcare services and anticipate and prevent diseases rather than addressing them once they have progressed.
Recent Technology Trends
Computed Tomography Scan
The demand for computational diagnostic professionals (radiologists) has expanded considerably since the COVID-19 outbreak.
A platform based on Artificial intelligence could be the answer. AI systems can quickly evaluate CT images of thousands of individuals, discovering COVID-19-related pneumonia trends and communicating them to healthcare professionals. This would make up for the fact that there aren’t enough skilled workers in this industry (Lin et al.).
New projects are taking shape right in front of our eyes. Imaging COVID-19, for example, has been developed as a machine learning model for automatic COVID-19 pattern recognition on CT images. The Microsoft-backed InnerEye research group for CT scan interpretation is another exciting endeavor.
Despite significant improvements in precision, radiologists remain wary of entrusting critical choices to the electronic intellect. In a misdiagnosis or ineffective therapy, it is impossible to hold Artificial Intelligence responsible. Instead, the expert who employs AI bears the brunt of their error and must do just about anything necessary to avoid the bad implications while capitalizing on this virtual care development.
As a result, most modern facilities use AI to complement traditional diagnosis and therapy methods. It’s ideal for verifying established diagnoses or supplementing scientific data gathered in more conventional forms (Shao, Kim and Imran).
Robotics to Automate Healthcare sector
Businesses around the globe will spend vast amounts of money on AI projects, such as various types of robotic devices, by 2022, effectively reducing the expense of employing skilled medical personnel.
The goal is not to substitute healthcare staff with robots, which would result in job losses and a drop in social norms, but to assist healthcare centers that already are suffering from a severe shortage of healthcare professionals as a result of the COVID-19 disaster, which has put the entire health sector under extraordinary strain.
Emerging enterprises must keep in mind the medical profession’s constraints on Digital technology, competencies, and implementations when executing these objectives. In medical advancements, the possibility for deploying robotic assistants and autonomous machines is endless: cleanliness, operation, telemedicine, and so on. However, the public health care system’s top concerns remain the well-being of health personnel and the optimal practice of medicine.
One of the best eHealth developments in the sector is the combination of bright proposals and sensible legislation. AI and robotic technologies will supplement rather than replace conventional techniques. It will enable physicians to use modern technology, learn how to utilize it in satisfying and appropriate methods, and minimize potential hazards (Azeta et al ; Bartosiak et al.).
Application of 3D Bioprinting Technology
Bioprinting of compatible implantable devices is not a novel approach in 2022. Still, with advanced techniques and more intricate prosthetic strategies, this technology will undoubtedly become more credible and convenient to a broader range of individuals. By 2027, the value of 3d bioprinting possibilities in the healthcare profession is expected to surpass $6 billion.
Advancement in 3D bioprinting mechanics, in particular, is projected to improve in the following:
- Decrease the expenses of manufacturing prosthetics and bioengineered artificial limbs.
- More reasonably priced bioengineered prostheses for spines, knees, skulls, glutes, and other joints.
- Operating equipment and healthcare gadgets that are customized.
- Novel implant versions and varieties and implant technology and supplies are predicted to work more effectively and efficiently and endure longer.
- Completely operational robotic limbs, optimized lighter weight prosthesis models, and deeper coordination among artificial joints and bones.
- Numerous 3D-printable implants for individuals with neurological and cardiovascular disorders (Morris).
3D and Robotics
Rapid deployment of a variety of robots capable of sterilization, drug delivery, vital sign measurement, etc., was possible in nations with sophisticated technological capabilities.
It was difficult for many nations in the developing world to get their hands on these modern facilities since there are many other obstacles besides just acquiring the robots, such as training and integration. Scarcity was eventually caused by an increase in demand for these robots. Physical distance measures may also be required until 2022, according to the forecast (Shruti Raje.).
In the realm of surgical robots, AI is becoming more prevalent as the technology advances. Surgical robots can distinguish between different kinds of tissue in their area of view thanks to computer vision. Surgical robots, for example, can assist doctors in avoiding nerves and muscles while completing surgeries. The use of high-definition 3D computer vision can help surgeons conduct surgeries more effectively. In the future, robots will be able to do prescribed activities like suturing or other tiny sub procedures under the close supervision of the surgeon.
Although it may still appear science fiction, nanotechnology is progressively making its way into our everyday lives. By the end of 2021, the world had heard excellent news: scientists had produced microscopic biological robots (dubbed xenobots) that could self-replicate. As a result, it’s fair to predict that 2022 will deliver a slew of groundbreaking nanomedicine news. The nanomedicine business has a lot of promise and is looking for early investment.
If you’re unfamiliar with the term “nanomedicine,” it refers to nanoscale materials and objects, like biocompatible nanomaterials, nanoelectronic gadgets, and even nanorobots for specific therapeutic purposes and modiﬁcations, including diagnosis and therapy of organisms.
It may, for instance, be employed as a viable poacher for cancer cells or pathogens, requiring the injection of a set of nanorobots into a person’s blood arteries.
On a molecular level, this technique is projected to efficiently combat many hereditary, oncologic, or auto-immune illnesses, such as arthritis and cancers (Gupta et al.).
Augmented and Virtual reality
Augmented Reality (AR) allows overlaying certain information, movies and images on smart devices over the real world. Thus, this technology enhances the real world by providing extra data to it, thus making it more complete. AR apps like IKEA Place, L’Oréal Makeup, and Pokémon Go are some of the most popular examples. When a person is fully immersed in a digital world, they are experiencing what is known as “virtual reality,” which is a simulated reality generated by computer technology. Virtual reality talks, Volvo test drives, trekking in Yosemite National Park with The North Face, and a plethora of VR games are some of the more popular examples.
Virtual reality and augmented reality (AR) are being used by healthcare organizations to better engage their customers in the healthcare process. For example, healthcare providers and their consumers can collaborate on the sequencing of operations and the end results by employing VR apps for aesthetic medicine and orthodontia. Ophthalmologists can give their patients with an app that helps patients with certain disorders, such as Cataract or AMD, to see better. Patients will have a better grasp of the problem and be more engaged in their own care this way.
In the United States and around the globe, numerous implant-related options and technology will be available in 2022. This offers increased regenerative medicine quality, individual recovery, and treatment for several impairments that were traditionally thought to be terminal (Gaobotse et al.).
Chronic disease management is at a crossroads. Chronic diseases are expected to kill 73% of the world’s population by 2020, according to the WHO. Because of the escalating costs of healthcare, people are choosing to leave hospitals earlier and return home sicker than they were before — a trend supported by their insurers.
When it comes to dealing with today’s thorny issues, one of the most promising solutions is the development of smart implants that are made possible by microfabrication technology.
Miniaturized sensor technologies that can survive the stresses of the human body are essential to successful advancements in this area. The development of these devices will need expertise in actuator miniaturization, the use of biocompatible materials to reduce biofouling, new power sources, ultra-low power through-body communications, and extremely efficient signal processing.
In 2022, brain-computer implants are projected to hit the industry. Corporations, institutions, and startups are preparing to market their neuro-implants for many health purposes, notably reinstating independent mobility in individuals with various forms of disability or vision loss.
By the end of 2021, a bunch of researchers had implanted a microelectrode array into a blind patient’s visual brain, allowing her to identify many symbols and shapes. Even though there is a fair journey to go, the potential of brain implants and their capability to accommodate for a life-limiting condition appears to be genuinely incredible and promising (Shao, Kim and Imran).
Global Adoption of Telehealth
The health care system has begun to be affected by the diverse range, homogeneity, and growth in digitized methods of communication. Telehealth has evolved as a novel technique of disseminating medical data. It entails providing healthcare services remotely via the Web, teleconference, streaming platforms, and several other multimedia applications. Online education Long-distance knowledge for individuals and healthcare specialists is also included in telehealth.
Telehealth has achieved widespread acceptance and is becoming standard practice. Modern facilities are already addressing their patients electronically. This interaction will receive legislative permission in the following years and supplant conventional in-house consultations.
- China has devised a nationwide initiative to implement telehealth in 70% of healthcare facilities.
- The United States is also a telehealth leader. Its administration intends to expand off-site choices in the following years to save treatment center upkeep costs and, as a result, healthcare expenditures.
- Other developed nations are also focusing on telehealth and establishing their unique initiatives while considering local demands and idiosyncrasies.
In the coming years, the arrival of 5G technology will offer up even more potential for the massive development and widespread use of telehealth (Russi, Heaton, and Demaerschalk).
In 2022, many circumstances will impact mental health, posing new problems for healthcare organizations. COVID-related constraints have bolstered telepsychiatry, a reasonably young specialty in mental health care and psychotherapy. This division has a bright future ahead of it: numerous individuals are actively experiencing psychological tragedy as a result of the COVID-19 epidemic, which is represented in clinical facts and figures: as per the latest information, more than 30% of adults document anxiety symptoms or clinical depression, whereas prior studies implied that the very same attribute was lower than 10% in 2019.
Below listed are some common psychological phenomena that will have an impact on mental health in 2022:
- Psychiatric concerns about coming back to physical work.
- Post-COVID condition with psychological issues.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in health professionals.
- Stress and despair brought on by COVID-related societal restrictions and regulations.
- Digital overstretch, multitasking anxiety and depression, and exhaustion in the workplace.
These concerns necessitate a cutting-edge solution, such as tele-behavioral medical technology that lets mental health professionals and psychiatrists assist numerous individuals at once (Ramalho et al.).
Personalized Medicine over Traditional Therapy
Personalized medicine considers an individual’s genetic factors, environment, and lifestyle to ensure that individual screening tests are accurate and therapies are efficient. The one-size-fits-all strategy is founded on median patient specifications and ignores many different parameters.
To successfully collect and process individuals’ actual data, provide precise assessments, and prescribe medications, cutting-edge information technology and infrastructure are required. Creative initiatives are likely to spring up in this genre by 2022, increasing its value to $5 billion and introducing the health sector reasonably close to widespread personalized medicine deployment.
Personalized informatics solutions on the horizon will be reliable, accessible, and valuable to clinicians, consumers, pharmaceutical companies, and several other stakeholders. They’ll use a variety of screening trends to meet the requirements of diverse organizations and their customers (Seifirad and Haghpanah).
Medical sciences indeed need newer technologies to diagnose and treat severe diseases. All the segments of medicine nowadays use extemporaneous technologies. The year 2022 starts with the implantation of pig hearts in humans with some changing genetic perspective towards the power of biotechnology. Besides this, the use of artificial intelligence for diagnosis, especially in radiology, remarkably decreases the time of diagnosis. Data analysis using artificial intelligence also plays a vital role in forecasting the prevalence of diseases. In the pandemic of COVID-19, telemedicine is essential in providing healthcare facilities in remote rural areas, which are only possible by the latest technologies. In short words, technology was changing all the areas of our life, it also positively changed the field of medicine.